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Has driverless technology really arrived?

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Some time ago, Li Yanhong, the founder of Baidu, demonstrated the completion of Baidu's unmanned driving system in a live broadcast, but in the end, it was investigated by the Beijing traffic police. This incident once again made unmanned driving hotly debated by the public.

Just a few days ago, the Shenzhen government also announced that Shenzhen's driverless buses are officially on the road for trial operation. From a functional perspective, Shenzhen's Alfaba intelligent driving bus system has been able to achieve deceleration avoidance, emergency parking, detours, and automatic stops. And other functions, but in fact there are still drivers on the bus to supervise and can only drive on a specific 1.2 km line, so it is not considered unmanned.

Strictly speaking, even Tesla, which is currently the leader in this field, only stays in the "assisted driving" stage, because they are not enough to deal with unexpected conditions and complicated routes. So how to define "assisted driving" and "unmanned driving", how big is the gap between them? At present, there is already a certain consensus on the standard of unmanned driving in the world. For details, please see the following picture.

Photo source: BusinessInsider0 Stage: Ordinary traditional car; Stage 1: Driving at a fixed speed without long stepping on the car's throttle for long distances; Stage 2: Taking over the execution of the original functions of the car driving part from the driver; Stage 3: Specific traffic Realize fully autonomous driving under the environment; Phase 4: Intelligent assisted driving phase, the vehicle has one or more automatic control functions; Phase 5: Fully realizes AI-level automatic driving, human beings have no driving permission.

Therefore, among the cars currently on sale, even the latest high-tech “assisted driving” vehicles like the Tesla X can only reach the 2 to 3 stage, and have not yet reached the real “driverless”. However, at present, almost the world's top technology companies have been involved in the development of driverless cars. I believe that we can see real self-driving cars within ten years, and we can even hope that they will bring us It may be difficult for human beings to enjoy the driving pleasure brought by cars in the future.


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