I have a question that has always been confusing. Regarding military camps, to say that modern warfare means that soldiers have to dig trenches, long trenches to avoid. Well understood. But ancient camping villages, I have not been able to understand. There are only vague impressions in books and TV shows that are not true or false.
It seems that after arriving at the station, we should set up camp immediately. The barracks completed at the end was very sturdy, and it was difficult for the enemies to charge in, and the scale was large. It surrounded the barracks for a week, and it was absolutely impossible to see what was inside when standing outside. This is exactly like a city. How much manpower does this take? Is there still strength to fight? How much wood does it cost? Can it be shipped?
Moreover, the kind of battle that involves hundreds of thousands of people, the defensive side must not let the soldiers live in the city. Many siege warfare wrote about using the advantages of the wall and the moat terrain. Is it camping in the city?
The fortifications and barracks of the army are a safeguard against enemy attacks and a barrier on which the army relies. A well-built fortification system is difficult to break, and all the tricks of the enemy are difficult to succeed in front of it. Here, for example, the fortifications built by Caesar in the surrounding city of Alesia. The first trench was 7 meters wide, the second and third trenches were 5 meters wide, and the third trench was filled with water. Behind is a 4-meter-high berm, with a chest wall and a rafter on top, where the chest wall and the berm meet, and sharpened wooden stakes are lined outwards. A wooden tower is built every 27 meters on the berm. And arrange a crossbow gun. The distance between the berm and the first trench was 130 meters. In order to increase the difficulty for the enemy to cross, the following defensive facilities were quickly added within 130 meters: many trunks and tough branches were harvested, the skin at the top of the branches was peeled off, and then sharpened, and a 1.7-meter deep was dug. After the flail continuously ditched, the wooden stakes were lined up in the trench, and the bottom of them was nailed (possibly with iron nails or buried in the soil), so that the enemy could not pull them out, only the trunk The tip sticks out on the ground. They have a total of five elements, layer by layer, connected to each other, and interspersed with each other. Anyone who rushes into them will inevitably make themselves pierced by these extremely sharp stakes. In front of this, another diagonal pit like a plum blossom was dug, one meter deep, and gradually contracted and inclined toward the bottom of the pit. Inside, there are round wooden stakes with the thickness of human legs, sharpened on the top, and hardened with fire. A part of them sticks out of the ground and the height does not exceed four fingers. In order to make them tough and firm, 33 cm thick, compacted soil is placed under them. The rest of the pit was covered with branches and firewood to cover up these hidden weapons. A total of eight pits were dug, one meter apart. In front of all these projects, there is another 33 centimeters of wood, with strong iron hooks nailed to the top, which are buried in the soil not far from each other and covered all over the place. The entire fortification is divided into two parts: the inside (towards the city of Alesia) and the outside (to the direction in which Celtic reinforcements may strike). The external part is 21 kilometers long. After talking about such solid fortifications, the Roman camp seemed to have nothing to say, but it was just organized.
Generally speaking, the army will only leave the camp if it knows where the enemy is, and sometimes it is dispatched to attack a stronghold that the enemy must save. Either way, when the army leaves the camp, most of the battle is coming. What is decisive at this time is the equipment, training and number of people on both sides. With all this determined, the army must form a formation if it is to fight.
In addition, tents and wooden poles in camps can be folded and bundled for transportation by carriages or carts. The ancient army also had a small number of first-level organizations (such as squads and squads) of modern army. Such a first-level organization is organized into units and distributed to their respective camp tents, which solves the problem of camp accounts. When the camp is set up, the commander can decide to set up the defense around the camp first according to the situation (you can use the wooden poles brought together to bind a twine and other ropes to build a simple walled city. The team on duty) still camps on site first.